四级考试作文要求

四级考试作文训练

Purpose and Requirement:

Learn to write a good composition and keep the sentence patterns in mind

The Important Points:

Learn to analyse the category of different types of topic

Teaching Hours: 10

Teaching Methods:

Group discussion and practice

Teaching contents and Steps:

一. 四级考试作文要求:

1 卷面整洁

2 字数达标

3. 文体统一: 如不能用下面的句子结尾 “Do you agree with me ? That ’s my opinion. That’s all, thank you; OK. This is what I want to say. ”

4 主题突出: 文章中的主题句应紧紧围绕文章主题来写, 段落中的扩展句应围绕段落主题句来组织. 例如, 下面是一篇范文, 标题为Is Test of Spoken English Necessary?

“A test of spoken English will be included as an optional component of the College English Test(CET) .” The news causes a heated debate over the necessity of the test. Different people hold

different opinions on this matter. This is quite natural because people have quite different experiences and views about the world. It is commonly accepted that such a test in China is very necessary. In contrast, others think it unnecessary.

5 文字连贯

一篇好文章应该表达流畅, 语言连贯。连贯性主要体现在句子与句子,段落与段落的衔接上,这种衔接主要通过衔接词来实现。例如:

It is clear that television news can bring us massive important events, such as wars, games and so on, but it cannot cover stories in detail because of its time limitation. On the contrary ,printed news excels in its ability to devote as much space to a story as it sees fit, though it cannot compete with television visually.

这一段中such as , but , because of , on the contrary , though五个衔接词把句子从语义上连接起来,形成一个有机的整体,读起来如行云流水,自然酣畅。

6 内容一致

好文章应该主题突出,内容一致。因此, 考生在写作中要删除与主题内容不符的句子和多余的词语,否则, 一是破坏了文章的一致性,二是有凑字数之嫌。看下面这段文字:

Those who hold the first opinion think that spoken English is very important in today ’s society. Some people fear that college students

will not perform well in oral communication with foreigners. They say that China will certainly continue her open-door policy in the future. And any failure of this policy will hold back the development of Chinese economy. In their view, a test of spoken English will urge college students to improve their oral English . However, others think that writing skills are enough for daily use. They argue that spoken English does not necessarily mean better opportunities.

7 词语多样

单词,句型使用的多样化不仅使文章生动,增强文章的可读性,同时也可反映出考生的词汇量和语言掌握的程度。考生在举例说明的段落中尤其要注意词语的多样性。再看下一段文字:

In a typical city there are five main sources of air pollution. Waste disposal is the least important —it causes only 3 percent of the total pollution. Heating accounts for 6 percent. The next important source is power plants—they account for 14 percent; and 17 percent of the pollution in the air comes from industry. But by far the most serious cause of air pollution is cars: cars alone cause 60 percent of air pollution in most large cities.

8 符合试题要求

无论是什么形式的作文都有写作内容上的要求。考生在动笔前一定要看清题目要求写哪些内容,要求从几个方面写,确保内容的完整性。四级写作有一条扣分标准:

作文缺段

扣分标准

9 语言流畅

语言流畅,文章通顺,表达准确,是考生的高分的基础。For example:

Last year the British public spend 2000,000,000 pounds on pet food alone, to say nothing of animal care bills and furniture. It is difficult not to feel resentful about this when one considers what the same amount could do for victims of starvation and poverty, and it is not unusual for me to get hot under the collar when I read about another old person who has spent all his money on a dog or cat at home.

10 首尾呼应

“A test of spoken English will be included as an optional component of the College English Test(CET) .” The news causes a heated debate over the necessity of the test. Different people hold different opinions on this matter. This is quite natural because people have quite different experiences and views about the world. It is 缺第一部分 扣3分 缺第二部分 扣10分 缺第三部分 扣7分

commonly accepted that such a test in China is very necessary. In contrast, others think it unnecessary.

……

Therefore, the test of spoken English is necessary.

可以看出文章第一句和最后一句均提到spoken English 的必要性,首尾遥相呼应,使文章主题表达准确,完整。

11 检查到位

这个重要环节往往被考生忽视。在写完短问后一定要耐心地再读一遍,即可避免不该发生的错误。考生在检查修改时应着重注意以下三个方面的内容:

1. 拼写错误—看似小事, 但事关重大。

2. 语法错误—时态,语态,语气,单复数, 主谓语一致,拼写,大小写和标点符号。

3. 句子是否完整

二、四级作文的试题类型

四级作文可分为现象解释型, 对比选择型, 问题解决型, 观点论证型与应用型五种.

(一) 现象解释型

此类作文在四级考试作文中比较常见. 命题主要要求考生对某一社会现象进行解释, 并加以评论。 其基本结构是: 首先说明现状,

其次阐述这种现状产生或存在的原因, 最后做出结论或提出建议. 现象存在的原因是文章非常重要的部分, 解决问题的方案可有可无.

(二) 对比选择型

这类题型直接要求考生比较两种观点或两种做法, 进而表明自己对该问题或事物的态度或观点, 也就是做出选择.

(三) 问题解决型

此类题型要求考生从描述文字/图画入手, 解释试题文字/图画反映出的问题, 指出问题的危害性或解决这一问题的紧迫性, 然后对问题展开分析, 提出解决问题的方案或应对措施; 最后一段要求考生表明自己对这一问题的态度, 做法等. 这类题型突出的是解决问题的办法, 解决方法是不可或缺的, 而原因只是为了更好的说明方法的合理性.

(四) 观点论证型

这类作文往往要求考生根据题目给出的论点按照提纲的结构要求对其进行论证, 然后表明自己的立场和看法. 通过摆事实, 将道理的方式剖析事物, 论述势力, 发表意见, 确立或否定某一主张

(五) 应用文

四级作文的三段式结构

三. 十二句作文法写作模板

现象解释型

现象解释型模板一

1. Recently, ________________.

2. What amazes us most is __________________.

3. It is true that ______________________________.

4. There are many reasons explaining ______________.

5. The main reason is ___________________.

6. What is more , __________________________

7. Thirdly, _____________________

8. As a result, ___________________.

9. Considering all these,_____________________.

10. For one thing, ______________.

11. For another, ___________________.

12. In conclusion,______________

现象解释型模板二

1. As is known to all, __________.

2. _____ seem to get accustomed to _______.

3. In fact, ________.

4. The reasons of _____ lie in several aspects.

5. Firstly, ________

6. Secondly,_______

7. Thirdly, _______

8. Finally, ______

9. As a matter of fact,____________.

10. On the one hand, _______

11. On the other hand,_______

12. Therefore,_________.

现象解释型模板三

1. Nowadays, _______.

2. For one thing ,________.

3. For another, __________.

4. It is obvious_________.

5. Many remarkable factors contribute to _________.

6. First of all, ____________.

7. In addition, _______________.

8. Thirdly, ______________.

9. As to me, _________

10. As we know, _________

11. Besides,________.

12. In a word,_________.

现象解释型叙事类作文专用模板

1 It so happened that ______.

2. Just at the moment,_________.

3. It impressed me most because ______.

4. What happened was ______.

5. At first, _____.

6. Almost at the same time, _______.

7. What’s more, ____________.

8.As a result, __________.

9. As I understand, _________.

10. On the one hand, __________.

11. On the other hand, _____________.

12. Therefore,_______.

对比选择型

对比选择型模板一

1 There is a heated debate over ________. 2 It is commonly accepted that _________. 3 In contrast, others ___________.

4.Those who hold the first opinion suggest________.

5. .In their view,______.

6. However, others think _______.

7. They argue that _________.

8.Considering one after another, I stand on the side of _____.

9. First of all,________.

10. F urther more, _____________.

11. T hirdly, _____________.

12. T herefore,____________.

对比选择型模板二

1. Recently, we may hear quite different opinions______.

2. Most people take it for granted that _________.

3. However, others hold, ________.

4. A dominant idea is that _______.

5. in this view, _______.

6. Nevertheless, the objectors think ________.

7. They argue that _______.

8. As to me, I prefer ________.

9. On the one hand, _________.

10. On the other hand, ________________.

11. Therefore, ___________.

12. In conclusion,_________.

对比选择型模板三

1. Different people will offer quite different ideas ________.

2. Many people assert ___________.

3. However, others believe ___________.

4. Some may proclaim _________.

5 . They maintain such an idea because __________.

6. In contrast, the objectors think __________.

7. They argue that ______________.

8. As far as I am concerned, I agree to __________.

9. First,__________.

10. Second,____________.

11. Last but not least,____________.

12. In a word,__________.

问题解决型十二句作文模板

问题解决型模板一

1. With the ______ of ________,__________.

2. So it is of great importance for us to _________.

3. On the one hand, ________.

4. On the other hand, _______.

5. However, we have figured out many ways to _________.

6. Firstly, __________.

7. So long as __________.

8. Secondly ,__________.

9. Thirdly , ___________.

10. In fact, ___________.

11. That is because ________.

12. In a word,______________.

问题解决型模板二

1. There has been a discussion recently about _________.

2. It is true to the present situation that _________.

3. But ___________.

4. As is known to all, there are many ways _____________.

5. First of all,_____________.

6. Furthermore,___________.

7. Last but not least, ________.

8. So it is high time for us to ____________.

9. That is because _________.

10. Secondly ,__________.

11. Thirdly , ___________.

12.All in all,_______________.

问题解决型模板三

1. Nowadays, there is a growing concern on ___________.

2. It is certain that _____________.

3. However, _____________.

4. It will cause many serious results if _____________.

5. Firstly, _____________.

6. Secondly, ____________.

7. Finally, _____________.

8. In spite of all these, there are still many ways___________.

9. First of all, _____________.

10. In addition, _____________.

11 Thirdly, _____________.

12. Only in this way _____________.

观点论证型十二句作文模板

观点论证型模板一

1. It is well known that ____________.

2. The truth of it is self-evident .

3. No one can deny ____________.

4. Therefore, ____________.

5.Many examples can be found to prove ____________.

6. Take ________ as a typical example.

7. People ____________.

8. Furthermore, ____________.

9. It goes without saying that ____________.

.10. Then, ____________.

11. There is no doubt that ____________.

12. In conclusion, ____________.

观点论证型模板二

1. It is believed that ______________.

2. The truth is deep and profound.

3. As we know, ______________.

4. Consequently, ______________.

5. A case in point is _________

6. This is close to suggest ______________.

7. It is true that _____________

8. In addition, ______________.

9. All mentioned above tells us ______________.

10. As a matter of fact, ______________.

11. There is no denying that______________.

12. In short, ______________.

四. 四级写作样卷分析

1998年6月四级真题样卷评析

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Do “ Lucky Numbers ” Really Bring Good Luck? You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline ( given in Chinese)below:

1) 有些人认为某些数字会带来好运;

2) 也有些人认为数字和运气无关;

3) 试说明你的看法.

1. 样卷一

Do “ Lucky Numbers ” Really Bring Good Luck? Some people take it for granted that some numbers can bring them good luck. For instance, they believe the so-called lucky number “8” can bring them good fortune. So some companies hold their opening ceremonies on a date with an “8” in it . However, others hold the opposite opinion. They think that numbers have nothing to do with luck. They are anything but a sign of magic power.

In my opinion, good luck has nothing to do with lucky numbers, because numbers are only a tool for counting. It’s people that impose their views on some numbers, making them have a

special sense. Considering some numbers as lucky ones is only a good wish of people, which makes them feel comfortable.

In fact, good luck always falls on people who are well prepared. So we should work hard, rather than daydream, in order to have good luck.(154 words)

2. 样卷二

There is a general discussion about “lucky numbers ”. Some people think that certain numbers can bring good luck. In China, there are many people think that the number “4”for “death ”, it will bring bad luck to them, and the number “6” and “8” stand for “well-off ” and “get rich”.

On the contrary, some people don’t think so. They believe that numbers have nothing to do with luck. Some rich persons have number “4” in their call phone number.

As to me, I think numbers have nothing to do with luck. T he numbers which are regarded as lucky ones have similar pronunciation with some good-will characters. In fact, there is no relationship between numbers and luck. A person ’s success depends on his efforts rather than his numbers.( 129 words )

3. 样卷三

Nowadays, people have different ideas on numbers.

Many people think some figures are magic. For example, most foreigners hate “13” ,they hope not having contact with it. The same case come in China, people like “6” and “8” ,hating “4”. For example., if the phone code includes the figure every person like, the code becomes expensive.

On the other hand, some people don’t think so,. They think

numbers are only numbers, nothing else. People should think of them fairly.

I think figure is figure, not meaning anything else. If the

people like the figure up to the figure’s accent, as in China, “8” accent “ fa ”, “4” accent “si ” . So we should not be care of this instead of care thing’s focus. Good luck is depended on our active action.

The figure is not magic, I think so. ( 143 words )

4. 样卷四

Many people even in many books say “lucky numbers” can

bring good luck. Some books will mark “ just to amuse yourself ’’. Others will tell us not to believe it.

But in my opinion, good luck has nothing to do with

numbers.

In mathematics, it ’s probability question. It ’s just coincidence.

No matter the telephone numbers or the mobile phone

numbers, people are used to choose the numbers including “8” or “6”.

But you will find they can’t bring good luck indeed.

This is only psychological problem in people ’s heart. Everyone wish meet good luck. But in fact, the best way is to work hard, create and grasp opportunities by yourself. So as this, even though you are not a lucky one, you also can meet many lucky things. ( 127 words )

5. 样卷五

We couldn ’t be lack of numbers in our daily life. For example: telephone number, ID card, car number and so on. But someone would think some numbers right bring bad luck, for example, they hope there is right in their telephone number.

I don’t think number are in relation to the luck.

I think they who think numbers could bring good luck only like the pronunciation of the numbers. No matter how many right in your telephone numbers, they could not make a lot of wealth for you. Only by hard work can you make fortune. So I think the

lucky number only bring confidence not good luck. ( 108 words )

从以上样卷来看, 考生问题可以归纳为以下几个方面:

1. 胸有千言万语,却无处落笔。

2. 审题不清,致使作文跑题。切题是作文中最重要的评分标准之

一。

3. 枝节性论述过多,导致重点不突出。

4. 文章结构层次不清,布局混乱。

5. 语言表达不符合英语的表达习惯。

6. 句型单一,无变化。

7. 用词不当,语法错误多。

8. 文章首尾不呼应或是虎头蛇尾。


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